What is the National Register of Historic Places?
The “National Register” or the “Register” is the Federal list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture.
Properties are evaluated based on their age (generally at least 50 years old), integrity, and significance. The property’s significance is based on four (4) criteria:
- Associated with events that have made a significant contribution to broadpatterns of our history; or
- Associated with the lives of significant persons in our past; or
- Embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method ofconstruction; or that represent the work of a master; or that possess high artisticvalues; or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whosecomponents may lack individual distinction; or
- Have yielded or may be likely to yield information important to history or prehistory.
Currently, there are over 86,000 listings, including over 1.7 million individual resources.
What is a Historic District?
Historic Districts are areas, or neighborhoods, that have a high concentration of historic buildings (over 50 years old) that retain their architectural integrity and represent an important aspect of a city’s history.
There are over 2,300 National Register Historic Districts nationwide.
What are the Benefits of National Register listing to the Community?
- Encourages the preservation and appreciation of our community’s built history.
- Historic Districts often become centers of heritage tourism and spur thecommunity’s economic vitality.
- Involvement from the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation when a Federal agency project may affect a historic property, as part of a Section 106 Review.
- Federal and state funding available to municipalities, specifically Certified Local Governments (CLGs) such as Park City.
What are the advantages of National Register listing to property owners?
- Recognition. Owners may receive an official certificate of designation and/orpurchase an official plaque to be placed on the building through the State HistoricPreservation Office (SHPO).
- Rehabilitation Tax Credits. State Rehabilitation Tax Credits are available forowner-occupied and residential rentals in the amount of 20%. Similarly, FederalRehabilitation Tax Credits provide a 20% tax credit for income-producingproperties.
- Grants. There are a limited number of state and national grants for historicpreservation. The Park City Historic District Grant program also offers financialincentives for historic preservation.
- Loans. The Utah Heritage Foundation, a statewide non-profit organization,administers loan programs for historic buildings.
- Rehabilitation Advice. The SHPO offers a database of experiencedprofessionals that specialize in the field of historic preservation.
- Property Values. National Register listing can be a catalyst for increasingproperty values. Studies have also shown that property values in historic districtstypically appreciate more over time and fluctuate less frequently in volatilefinancial markets.
What it Does Not Do:
- No additional restrictions on a property due to National Register listing; however,substantial changes and additions may result in a loss of a property’s National Register status.
- No obligation on private property owners on use, treatment, transfer, ordisposition of private property.
- Does not lead to public acquisition or require public access.
- Does not automatically invoke local historic district zoning or local landmarkdesignation. That is set at the local level.
- Does not stop any private, local, or federally funded project or require review forany privately funded projects with no federal or state involvement.
- Does not ensure future preservation by subsequent owners. Property ownersinterested in long-term preservation of historic resources should considerpreservation easements.
- Does not affect property taxes.
This year, Park City Municipal has contracted with Cooper Roberts SimonsenAssociates (CRSA) to complete an Intensive Level Survey (ILS) of approximately four hundred (400) historic sites and structures within our Main Street and Mining Boom Era Residences Thematic National Register Districts. In order to maintain and improve the historic integrity of our Main Street National Register District, CRSA will also be completing architectural documents to restore approximately seven (7) structures on Main Street.